The economic impact of the international COVID-19 crisis will see worldwide IT spending decline 2.7% in 2020, according to IDC.
The analyst firm says that while every industry will be affected by the global slowdown, some will reduce IT spending more than others.
In the first of several special releases to the Worldwide ICT Spending Guide: Industry and Company Size, IDC provides an industry-level assessment of how COVID-19 will impact IT spending.
"Not surprisingly, hospitality and tourism-heavy industries like transportation and personal and consumer services are expected to be the most negatively impacted markets with IT spending expected to decline by 5% or more. However, both markets are relatively small in terms of IT spending," the analyst firm says.
"Discrete and process manufacturing are both large market opportunities for technology (nearly $400 billion combined) and face significant risks due to the virus with spending expected to fall by more than 3% in 2020."
Meanwhile, more "recession resistant" industries like government are predicted to fare a bit better with federal and state/local spending both forecast to increase slightly in 2020, IDC says.
IT spending in the healthcare and telecommunications segments are also forecast to grow slightly as they respond to new demands presented by the pandemic. Professional services will see the strongest growth in IT spending this year with an expected year-over-year increase of 1.7%.
"While industries that offer digitally-enabled or critical services offer some bright spots, those industries that rely on physical products, an in-person presence, or provide luxury services are struggling," explains Jessica Goepfert, programme vice president, Customer Insights - Analysis at IDC.
"Once the near-term reprioritisation is underway, the next step is to understand the path to recovery. For instance, industries which have suffered major shutdowns and layoffs will be slower to invest in technology than those that have been able to maintain somewhat normal operations," she says.
"In order to mitigate risk and exposure to the economic downturn, technology suppliers must reprioritise and refocus their efforts toward the more resilient segments."
A similar picture emerges when looking at IT spending by company size, IDC says.
Small offices (less than 10 employees) and small businesses (10-99 employees) will see the biggest percentage reduction in IT spending this year at 4.9% and 2.7% respectively. However, large businesses (500-999 employees) and very large businesses (more than 1,000 employees) represent a much larger market opportunity. Both segments are forecast to see IT spending fall by more than 1% this year representing a drop of $17 billion.
From a technology perspective, IDC says hardware will see the largest decline with spending expected to decline more than 5% this year as companies pull back on most near-term infrastructure investments. IT services and business services will see a more moderate reduction in spending as companies focus on keeping their existing operations and mission-critical projects going.
Software will be the bright spot in technology spending, with growth of nearly 2% led by purchases of collaborative applications and content workflow and management applications.
Serena Da Rold, programme manager, Customer Insights - Analysis, explains, "As a consequence of the coronavirus outbreak, market conditions are changing fast, driven by daily developments in the pandemic and the response that governments are putting into place.
"IDC is supporting clients with more frequent updates to our forecasts across technologies, geographies, industries, and segments. In the April (V1 2020) release, we have provided our first assessment of COVID-19 impact by industry and company size across 120 technologies in 53 countries. The next special release of IDC's Worldwide ICT Spending Guide: Industry and Company Size is planned for the first week of May," she says.